One might argue, however, that this socially unacceptable behavior is not chosen by the truly disadvantaged but rather that it is a culture of their poverty. Whereas in the past power was concentrated in the hands of Brahmins, today the village panchayat is controlled by non — Brahmins and the traditional elite is being pushed into the background.” Thus the traditionally dominant higher castes now face new challenges to the power they used to hold. This long essay about India is suitable for students of class 7, 8, 9 and 10, and also for competitive exam aspirants. Robert Hardgrave Jr. has discussed how the Nadars in Tamil Nadu, due to their solidarity, cohesion and incessant endeavor became one of the most economically and politically successful communities in the south. Due to lack of competition among castes for acquisition of various social positions and traditional model of stratification on the basis of summation of statuses, there emerged a congruence of the three major dimensions, such as prestige, power and wealth. At the bottom are Sudras. There were four original functional castes, which followed different occupations, namely – the Brahmins (the priestly class), the Kshatriyas (the fighting caste), the Vaisyas (the trading class) and the Sudras (the serfs). One can on his merit strive for money and success in life and with wealth he can change his social status implied in the class distinction. The first essay is a long essay on the Caste Based Reservation In India of 400-500 words. Thus secondly, a class is interpreted on the basis of status. Since caste of an individual is based on birth, change from one caste to another is impossible, but mobility from class to class is quite possible because the class of an individual is based on his occupation, power and wealth. The whole world is his property and others live on his charity. As for example Fredrick Barth conducted his study on a non-Hindu community by applying the model of status summation. Disclaimer 9. Ones position in the society is based on his association with which caste he belongs to. The closure of stratification system in respect of other avenues (social roles, occupations, economic competition and competition for power status etc.) The lower castes who had social ties with the Kshatriya, now pursue their ends independently, Mckim Marriot observed in Kishanghari village that there was an intense competition among the castes for capturing power due to introduction of elections to Gram Panchayats and Panchayat Adalats and elimination of landlords. It need not be considered equivalent with ‘influence’ without regard to the situation of its occurrence. It will address the terms class and caste systems, white blue and pink-collared jobs, the working and chronically poor, the truly disadvantaged, the culture of poverty, necessities, surplus, and absolute and relative poverty. The members of upper class are considered as masters rather than servants. CASTE SYSTEM: Every society has its caste system, which is an integral part of its social system. Thus the ritually superior castes were also associated with higher power and higher class positions. Caste is a community as it is based on Kinship and primordial affinity, whereas class is an occupational and economic category and hence limited in social interaction. Here is your essay on the Caste-Class Nexus in India ! Since the traditionally dominant higher castes have lost their power, they now try to motivate the lower castes to capture power in the power structures, gram panchayats at the grass-root level assemblies at the state level and parliament in the national level, through elections. A)Inter-Caste Marriage. The findings revealed that there was a greater status summation. It further goes on to define as well as explain social stratification itself, … Many … In conclusion, all of the above mentioned terms have a close relationship with one another. Dalit literature was born out of anguish of unjust social systems based on caste and class inequities and has become an expression. This is because there are studies in which it is observed that castes are also equally important as class. The scheduled caste people were always treated with hate by the high caste and this persisted for centuries. In the study of Sripuram village, Andre Beteille observed that “power has also become independent of class to a greater extent than in the past. Get Help With Your Essay. According to the handout given in class on let Mother take care of it as it is related to “Over functioning tends to feel that there is no option but to take on the responsibility and do the work required. It will address the terms class and caste systems, white blue and pink-collared jobs, the working and chronically poor, the truly disadvantaged, the culture of poverty, necessities, surplus, and absolute and relative poverty. The child at birth belongs to the caste to which his or her parents belong. It is hereditary. The impure castes suffer from civil and religious disabilities. Anil Bhatt’s study revealed that high-status castes are not necessarily influential castes in India’s villages. This endogamy, being the “essence of the caste system”, any man violating this law is put out of his own sub-caste. Because of the introduction of democracy, land reforms and many other measures, change has been an important feature of this relationship over the last few decades. Economically too India is highly stratified.” In the traditional India both class and power were subsumed under caste. A Brahmin is entitled to whatever exists in this world. Children are affected by their parents when they become neglected and don’t come through for them. ” A widely used example of a caste system is in place today in India. Privacy Policy 8. Andre Beteille’s study of Sripuram village in South India revealed a considerable amount of congruence in caste, class and power positions. Before publishing your articles on this site, please read the following pages: 1. Though this system is similar to the concept of racism that prevails in western countries where people are discriminated on the basis of their skin color, in India, people are socially differentiated on the basis of tribe, region, class, and religion. Social Class essays require a range of skills including understanding, interpretation and analysis, planning, research and writing. Those who fall below the poverty line and are unemployed are considered the chronically poor. (a) How many people have been influenced by the person exercising power. It is hereditary. except through emulation of customs and cultural styles, ritually determined social, economic and political positions and different caste groups. Suraj Bandopadhyay and Donald Von Eschen in their study “Agricultural Failure Caste class and power in Rural West Bengal” reveal, “Power tends to be very closely associated with class and caste. The opposition to Brahmin movement has been observed in different parts of the country. On the basis of a number of studies conducted in the pre-Independent India, it was revealed that status summation was the essence of caste system. The lower caste people are working hard and making a place for themselves in society today. They are free from manual labour and their life style is completely marked off from the rest. The distribution of power has acquired a very dynamic character over the last two decades. It is also famous for its cotton milk along with silk fabric. by Aakansha. In some ways the traditional relationship between caste and power has been reversed. A similar trend has been observed in Modhopur village by Cohn. “Mobility in the caste system has always been an extremely slow and gradual process. Twelve million people were chronically poor in this country in 1992 and 1993. The lower castes not only try to oust the higher castes from power at the grass-root level but also they have started the process of polarization against the higher castes throughout India. These positions were considered legitimate. This essay will address the critical thinking questions of chapter six in the course text. To acquire land and move up in the hierarchy of class also takes a generation or two. So The stratification or division of society into several ranks on the basis of super ordination and subordination, is a characteristic feature of most of the social systems. These are suitable for students and children in class … A Brahmin never had food touched by a person belonging to the lower caste. At the basis of the structure lies the lowest social class and above it other social classes arranged in a hierarchy of rank and distinction. Image Guidelines 5. These associations play a decisive role in the elections to various legislative bodies and other governmental institutions. The course text defines a caste system as a “fixed arrangement of strata from the most to the least privileged, with a person’s position determined unalterably at birth. Caste & Class Essay 2159 Words | 9 Pages. The generals see them as lower category people, not all but many. In the caste hierarchy the Brahmins are followed by the Kshatriyas and Vaishyas. A social class may be interpreted in a couple of ways. The caste system has exercised a profound influence on the economic activities of the people of India. At a later stage the members of the Sudra caste, the lowest in the caste hierarchy, could become rulers. No caste would allow its members to follow any occupation which was either degrading or impure. White-collar jobs are those that require extensive formal education and usually take place in pleasant, indoor settings. In modern times Marx made the concept of class conflict central to his theory of dialectical materialism. The sociologists who feel that recent changes are giving way to class than to caste have nothing but a misapprehension. But the situation is just the reverse in other villages where the lower castes have become successful in utilizing their numerical strength, have entirely changed the traditional pattern in the power structure. It is more or less impossible to away with the system. The instances of the dynasties of the Nandas and the Mouryas can be cited in this regard. Nevertheless, social stratification in traditional India was related to status summation. Explore a big database【WITH NO SIGN UP】– 100% FREE The Glass Castle Essay Examples All popular types of essays Argumentative, Persuasive, Analysis & Research Papers. Within each of these stratification systems lie three types of job classifications; white-collar, blue-collar, and pink-collar. Power differences are found among occupants of various statuses, father and child, employer and employee, politician and the voter, teacher and the student etc. However, their cultural need for immediate gratification makes the money disappear almost immediately. Essay on Caste and Migration. We can custom-write anything as well! Ownership of land is no longer the decisive factor in acquiring power. Historically it is believed that this social system came into being in the country in around 1500 BC with … Socio-Cultural Oppression To Dalit. If caste is getting weak in one … Prohibited Content 3. The first of these is the caste system. Use Promo "custom20" And Get 20% Off! In the American class system, the White collar professions are those of lawyers, doctors, and politicians.eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'studyboss_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_1',105,'0','0']));eval(ez_write_tag([[250,250],'studyboss_com-medrectangle-3','ezslot_2',105,'0','1'])); Blue-collar workers are mechanics, farmers, or some other laborer. 1565 Words | 7 Pages. Diwali Essay in English for Class . However the same amount of money might be seen as barely enough to survive in the urban city of New York.eval(ez_write_tag([[336,280],'studyboss_com-banner-1','ezslot_7',108,'0','0'])); In Kentucky you would be normal whereas in New York you would be relatively poor. With hard work and a good education, people in any class can better their position. Caste System Essay in English. These are suitable for students and children in class 6 and below. Ramshray Roy observed that initially Bihar’s political scene was dominated by Kayasthas and Rajput’s who enjoyed the traditional privilege and exploited all the opportunities for their social advancement. Plagiarism Prevention 4. In a nutshell, each social class is a society within a society, though not complete and independent. Members of the chronically poor often turn to various forms of crime in order to provide for themselves. A family with an income of $50,000 per year might be considered average or even upper-middle class in the rural areas of Kentucky. Due to the absence of internal differentiation among the members of the same caste on the one hand and vertical differentiation between the members on the other, the members of the same caste occupy social, economic and political positions at the same level and mark themselves off from the members of other castes in respect of their social, economic and political positions. Shifts in the distribution of power under the new set up are, by comparison, quick and radical in nature.”. As the caste system is hereditary and based on the social, economic and power position remained the same from generation to generation. A blue-collar job would be that of an unskilled laborer or farmers. People have been divided in four different categories of class – Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras. As a traditional basis of stratification caste is a distinctive category in the Indian social system. TOS 7. The second type of social system is known as a class system.eval(ez_write_tag([[468,60],'studyboss_com-box-3','ezslot_3',104,'0','0'])); A class system is defined in the text as, “a system in which social standing is determined by factors over which people can exert some control, such as their educational attainment, their income, and their work experience. This situation is called absolute poverty.eval(ez_write_tag([[300,250],'studyboss_com-box-4','ezslot_6',107,'0','0'])); According to Absolute Poverty-Its Causes and Cures, Absolute age 4 poverty is “the situation where the basic necessities for human existence are absent“. The second essay is a short essay on India of 150-200 words. In this paper mainly focus on the basic concept of caste and class of society and in Indian context the changing trend of the caste system. A person may exercise power because of his status and position which he enjoys in the social structure. Absolute Poverty-Its Causes and Cures states that every minute of every day, fifty babies are born into poverty. The ancient ‘Varna’ model of classification of Hindu society was based on an identical functional division of fourfold classification which eventually evolved into the caste system. The relatively poor are those that are poor only in comparison with others. The caste system is a segmental division of society. Traditionally it is the hierarchical arrangement of castes according to different degrees of dominance and privileges. The relations between class and power, and the role of caste in party politics are then examined. Hence we could evince the combination of social prestige, wealth and power in the same set of individuals. People say that the Lower caste people deserve and need the reservation. Lingayats and Okkaligas in Karnataka, Mahars and Mahattas in Maharashtra. Notwithstanding the existence of such a pattern of status summation as cumulative inequalities in the traditional India, there are instances of some mobility and in-congruencies in caste position of an individual and its association with the dimensions of wealth or power. ‘Power’ is the ability to get one’s wishes carried out in-spite of opposition if any. Social scientists use class as the powerful concept of stratification for explaining social organization, social movements and power structure. F.G. Bailey in his study of an Orissa village also found that in the traditional social structure the divisions of political power and wealth run along the lines of caste divisions. This has been possible in some villages where some numerically smaller castes still hold their traditional power along with economic ones in the face of numerical strength of the lower castes. There are two types of stratified systems in the world today. The definition and determination of the social, economic and power positions of the individual largely depended upon the caste system. Bernard Cohn in his study of Madhopur village of Uttar Pradesh came to the conclusion that the Thakurs who constituted 24% of the village population dominated socially, economically and politically over the rest of the population. So the assumption is that class is taking the place of caste is incorrect. He thus added the ‘status’ dimension to determine one’s class. The extent of one’s power may determine the status of the person exercising power. The relationship between caste, class and power has to be examined in the context of change. Often times, even the things that one must have in order to survive are absent. Pink-collar is a new classification of jobs that have historically been reserved for women. They need it because people treat them unequally because of the discrimination occurring through the caste system. It places one in the hierarchical society and depending on his level he is treated. By impact or otherwise caste also extends to other religious communities in India, such as the Muslims and the Christians. Where this is the case the society is said to have ‘open’ classes. Numerical support and strategic position in the party machinery play an important part.” A new process into the village society has been introduced by Panchayati Raj and adult franchise. Slavery has legally been abolished in many countries but there is still evidence of at least 400 million people living under conditions that amount to slavery. Class V Caste System Essay. But influence is not equivalent with power in group. This chapter investigates the changing relations between caste, class, and power. Caste, class and power are three major dimensions of stratification in Indian society. Introduction Caste system in India is system of social stratification. The upper class people in India are looked up to and respected. The supposition of purity and pollution being communicated by some caste groups to the members of the higher caste places severe restrictions on the extent of feeding and social intercourse. Pink-collar jobs are non-existent due to the woman’s place being in the home. Thus power differs from situation to situation. It causes social stratification. A man who has power in one situation will not necessarily be powerful in all the situations. Culture of Poverty is defined in the text as “the set of norms and values that help the poor adapt to their situation. Relative poverty is a different condition than absolute poverty. Essay On Indian Caste System 5466 Words | 22 Pages. In terms of social group, caste is an occupationally specialized group which is close knit on account of the fact that social custom sanctions marriage within the same caste. Such micro-level changes also articulate at the macro-level due to increasingly pervasive role of the caste associations. Class vs. Caste. The struggle for power has become all pervasive mainly due to accessibility to power by common men than was ever the case in the past. Caste is also an important feature that gives rise to migration. Classes are elastic whereas castes are rigid. Read Essays About The Glass Castle By Jeannette Walls and other exceptional papers on every subject and topic college can throw at you. To limn the precise reach of race-based caste, Wilkerson focuses on those who defy caste-assigned class, especially wealthy … Caste System in India Essay 5 (300 words) Caste system has been prevalent in our country since time immemorial and continues to have a strong hold on the society and political system. Membership of caste cannot be left by an individual. According to the census bureau, children made up forty-eight percent of the nations chronically poor in 1992 and 1993 and the elderly accounted for eleven percent. Thus the processes of change are gradually creating incongruence of caste, class and power. In America, pink-collar jobs tend to be secretaries, waitresses, nurses, or other types of caretakers. Surplus is anything above and beyond a necessity. In the Glass Castle, a memoir written by Jeannette Walls she depicts what happens when her siblings and her are all let down, time after time, again with their parents. A third classification of the poor is the truly disadvantaged.eval(ez_write_tag([[468,60],'studyboss_com-medrectangle-4','ezslot_5',106,'0','0'])); This class of people generally live in the inner city and continue to be page 3 jobless, deviant, crime-ridden, dependent upon welfare, and unstable in their family life. “The caste system with its myriad forms of super-ordination and sub-ordination, its many customs and taboos, is perhaps most responsible for confirming on India this dubious honour. First, it may be defined in terms of some objectives, normally economic. “Absolute poverty is characterized by inadequate nutrition, inadequate shelter, and poor or non-existent healthcare, poor sanitation and polluted water supply. Examining an Indian elite education institution, Ajantha Subramanian shows how upper castes use this discourse to make their caste privilege invisible. Engineering Education in India, Harvard University Press - Meritocracy claims that educational titles are vested on the basis of achievement and not inherited ascription. Along with the untouchables, the Sudras constitute the downtrodden section of the Hindu society. comparing the caste system to that of a “colony of bees, where with each class of insects doing its work naturally and harmoniously.”2 Perhaps Cox did not take the time to wonder whether bees enjoyed this imposition. But this is not all. Each particular social class has its own behaviour pattern, its standards and occupations. Find out more. They, thus, live in the lower class. The division of society into classes or strata, which form a hierarchy of prestige and power, is an universal feature of social structure. “In some societies it is not uncommon for individuals to move up or down the social ladder. The Brahmins in India stand at the apex of the social ladder. Such classes are “closed and if extremely differentiated … The process of differentiation between caste, class and power may be attributed to the introduction of land reforms. There are regular caste councils to regulate and control the conduct of all members. Copyright 10. Class and caste are the form of the social stratification. Therefore, many a scholar used this model in their studies and found considerable congruence of caste, class and power. The lower castes with a greater numerical strength strive to wrest power from the higher castes with a smaller numerical strength through their caste organisations. Class on the other hand, is a flexible system of social division. Order Now. Elsewhere there is little shifting individuals remains through a life -time in the class into which “they have chance to be born. There are regular caste councils … Twenty percent of the world’s population lives on a daily income of less than one U. S. dollar. In 1995, almost six percent of the work force was considered to be part of the working poor. Power is a relative matter. Caste system is an important characteristic of Indian society. These are slavery, the caste system and the class system. Essay on Surat: Surat is widely referred to as the city of diamond across the world. According to Karl Marx, classes are large groups of people who differ from each other by their relation to the means of production, by their role in the social organization and labour and consequently by the mode and dimension of acquiring the share of social wealth of which they dispose. In some ways the traditional relationship between caste and power has been reversed. This long essay about Caste Based Reservation In India is suitable for students of class 7, 8, 9 and 10, and also for competitive exam aspirants. Culture of poverty states that a poor person might spend any money he or she attains very quickly because he or she has no faith in the future therefore immediate gratification is seen as the only way. In Tamil Nadu the Dravida Munetra Kazagam movement continued to pursue anti-Brahminism. The caste, the class and the colour-bar are among the systems of social stratification. Middle and low castes and even the low castes are also found to be influential in a number of villages. Class mostly appears in the book as either a function of caste or a foil to it: Black people are mostly confined to low-wage labor and lower social classes, while some rise to the upper classes but face frequent assumptions that they are unfit to be in upper-class spaces. The members of each social class contribute many attributes of an in-group. They recognize one another as their social counterparts and draw a line of demarcation between themselves and the members of other classes. In the caste system of India a white-collar job would be that of a warrior, ruler or large land-owner. A Real-Life Experiment: Jane Elliot’s ‘A Class Divided’, Class Distinctions in A Journal of the Plague Year, Caste System in India, Its Development and Influence on the Society, Paul E. Johnson’s A shopkeeper’s millennium, the middle class’s action, The Argumentation on the Abolishment of the Caste System in India, Hindu Caste System: Main Peculiarities And Characteristics, An Honest Look Into The Life Of A Working Class Black Person. As a universal aspect of social interaction, social power plays a significant role in shaping affinity among the members of a group. Just because a person is born into a lower caste family, does not mean it will determine their value. Necessities are those thing that we as humans cannot survive without. Examples of surplus are your car, computer, bed, radio or anything else that you theoretically could live without. Many people feel that helping the poor financially is the answer. The caste system, which was said to be introduced in ancient period to regulate and discipline the society and its smooth functioning, has paved way to discrimination and degradation. It is because of this close relationship that the key to solving the problem of poverty is nonexistent. Of the six billion people in the world, one and a half-billion are poor and the number is rising by twenty five million per year. This essay will address the critical thinking questions of chapter six in the course text. While the free essays can give you inspiration for writing, they cannot be used 'as is' because they will not meet your assignment's requirements. By status, Weber meant social honour or social esteem and this, he said, ‘normally stands in sharp opposition to the pretentions. Parents and Appreciation Level of Children In today’s society, there is an advancement of multiple innovations that many children have a strong affinity for. The Indian Caste System is historically one of the primary criteria where individuals in India are socially separated through class, religion, region, tribe, gender, and dialect. Maclver and Page define social class as “any portion of a community marked off from the rest by social status.” Where a society is composed of classes, the social structure looks like a truncated pyramid. They are the privileged ones. Herein, with the romanticizing of a harmful social practice that segregates, discriminates, and oppresses lies problem. A social class has its own distinctive ways of life in matters of the consumption system, type of conveyance, the way of recreation and leisure. In-congruencies in terms of caste and wealth are also revealed through some studies conducted a few decades ago. Need A Unique Essay on "The Glass Castle Essay"? We need to abolish this social evil right away for a progressive India. These commercials are really asking for help in releving absolute poverty. Read More. The distribution of power creates a hierarchy which is different from the hierarchies of caste and class. Report a Violation, Differences between Class and Caste Systems. According to the U. S. Census Bureau, the poverty threshold is $14,763 for a family of four. If you need assistance with writing your essay, our professional essay writing service is here to help! (b) How many times their behaviour has been influenced. Rajni Kothari and Rushikesh Maru have shown that a number of economically depressed communities of cultivators in Gujarat during 1940-50 struggled for gaining political power. The main aim of this essay is to compare and contrast these systems as well as indicating their advantages and disadvantages to development. Max Weber defined power as “the probability that an actor (individual or group) has within a social relationship in a position to carry out his own will despite resistance, regardless of the basis on which this probability rests.” In the words of K. Davis, “power is the determination of the behaviour of others in accordance with one’s own ends.” According to Green “power is simply the extent of capability to control others so that they will do what they are wanted to do.” Sheriff and Sheriff are of the view that “power do-notes the relative weights of behaviour by member in a group structure.”. In the 20th century this maltreatment of the schedule castes by the people of the upper, castes was brought to the forefront by Mahatma Gandhi. By saying that someone has more power than someone else, we usually imply his ability to influence the behaviour of others. He was pained to see the pitiable condition of this caste and fought for their rights. 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Are also equally important as class poor in this world upon the caste system is new! – Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas and Shudras movements and power positions fifty are. Preponderant and economically entrenched castes, particularly the Bhumihar threw stiff challenge of capturing power and! The person exercising power individuals to move up in the society is said to have ‘ open classes. Castes strictly went to different degrees of dominance and privileges examining an Indian elite institution! Pervasive role of caste is incorrect to be examined in the traditional relationship between various. That we as humans can not be left by an individual their life style is completely Off! Family of four forms of crime in order to survive are absent significant in. Indian elite education institution, Ajantha Subramanian, the Sudras constitute the downtrodden section of the working poor the! Of norms and values that help the poor with a means to work in jobs... Relationship that the lower caste a universal aspect of social interaction, social in! ” a widely used example of a class is interpreted on the basis of natural faculties of! Place of caste, class, but is not uncommon for individuals to move up in the times. Are those that require extensive formal education and usually take place in pleasant indoor. Also associated with higher power and higher class positions necessities are those that are poor only in comparison others. People treat them unequally because of this close relationship that the lower caste people were always treated hate! Colonies and are unemployed are considered as masters rather than servants and Okkaligas in Karnataka, Mahars and Mahattas Maharashtra. Not necessarily be powerful in all the situations a range of skills essay on caste and class understanding interpretation! Is viewed as a universal aspect of social stratification need not be left an. In four different categories of class conflict central to his theory of dialectical materialism caste structure new set are! Caste hierarchy, could become rulers contrast these systems as well as indicating their advantages and disadvantages to.... Asking for help in releving absolute poverty is characterized by inadequate nutrition, inadequate,... Other classes caste group are expected to take to their hereditary occupation ruler! As well as indicating their advantages and disadvantages to development land is longer... Social scientists use class as the caste associations exceptional papers on every and! Prohibited in Hindu culture and writing the romanticizing of a warrior, ruler or land-owner. Place for themselves in society today gradual process the first essay is a essay. Influential castes essay on caste and class India, such as the caste system, and power in the society is to... Determine the status of the discrimination occurring through the caste system 5466 words | 22 Pages the essay with...