Now, whenever you navigate to a Supercharger station, your vehicle will intelligently heat the battery to ensure you arrive at the optimal temperature to charge, reducing average charge times for owners by 25%. Given recent events outpacing some of my earlier predictions about V3, I’m not going to make any more forecasts either way right now. Consider becoming a CleanTechnica member, supporter, or ambassador — or a patron on Patreon. The second home charging option is a Level 2 charging station that puts out the recommended 240 volts that are needed to charge your Tesla. after just 4 minutes and SoC reached 23%, the power reduced to 177kW. "New Supercharging infrastructure isn’t the only way we are improving our customers’ charging experience. kWh is capacity that would otherwise have been stored over time. The charge curve I’ve modeled above is based on what we know so far: The curve is a decent fit to all of these parameters (I’ve run the numbers in geek-level detail on the spreadsheet that generated this curve). One well known and highly regarded Tesla community geek and detective (whose name we will gracefully not speculate on) said to me “how is that possible?” Personally, I was predicting peak charging on Model 3 of not much more than 160 kW, and “never” more than 175 kW! What else can we say about this elevated peak power? Front-loading charging power and added range in this way is more efficient overall than delivering the peak power at 60–80% state of charge as many other EVs do. Dr. Maximilian Holland Max is an anthropologist, social theorist and international political economist, trying to ask questions and encourage critical thinking about social and environmental justice, sustainability and the human condition. With huge current (amps) capability and a good evolution of voltage, I’m frankly really impressed by it. The early peak power is more efficient since, on a given charge session, a good proportion of owners will often need only a given amount of additional range to complete their journey — and not need to recharge all the way to 70% or 80% (or more), when 40 or 50% may be sufficient. Obviously, this curve (as well as Tesla’s above factoids) specify peak performance (“up to”) under ideal conditions. Videos show that the Model 3 screen estimates charging from low levels to 80% still takes around “27 minutes” and to 90% takes “35 minutes.”. I’m going to have to stick some small print on my Tesla hardware predictions from now on. Check out the charge profile of the older Model S 70 kWh battery pack (again from ABRP data gathering): Designing an early high peak of the charging power is a smart strategy by Tesla for a number of reasons. Personally, I’m optimistic that the 100 kWh battery packs will see a much increased charge rate on V3 (I’ve discussed this previously), though perhaps not quite as dramatic an increase as the Model 3 sees. Tesla's V3 Superchargers (up to 250 kW) ideally add 1,000 miles (~1,600 km) of range per hour to Model 3 vehicles with the correct software update in place (now widely released). In short — Tesla is obviously giving us EV technology that smooths away residual friction for fossil-driving folks considering whether or not to make the jump to an electrifying transportation life. If you’re interested in the possibility of Tesla raising pack voltages, I discussed this in another recent article looking at Supercharger V3 (much of which now looks hopelessly low-ball, given what has transpired)! 5 minutes of (sweet spot) charging gives up to “75 miles” of “peak efficiency” range (likely EPA city range), which is slightly less than gained from 5 mins @ 250 kW and the “1000” rate (above). Let me explain. Have a tip for CleanTechnica, want to advertise, or want to suggest a guest for our CleanTech Talk podcast? Tesla says that the Long Range Model 3 should be able to replenish the range (at peak efficiency) for 75 miles in 5 minutes. You're confusing units of measurements. Find Max's book on social theory, follow Max on twitter @Dr_Maximilian and at MaximilianHolland.com, or contact him via LinkedIn. Let’s dive in and discuss this new Supercharger technology. This may allow some EVs to change the shape of the charging curve. Tesla recommends the Wall Connector as the most dynamic home charging hardware for Model S, Model 3, Model X and Model Y. Customizable to almost any power supply, the Wall Connector will provide faster charging speeds . Gasoline cost assumes 27 MPG for Model X and Model S and 28 MPG for Model 3 at $2.65 per gallon. Smart and efficient. Much beyond that and you may as well get going and have another quick rest break in 2 to 3 hours. Whilst we’re on the topic, this question of current (amps) is the main reason for surprise about the Supercharger V3. Please be aware of stall signage and if a non-Tesla vehicle is blocking a Supercharger stall for greater than the posted time limits, please notify us . Charging your Model 3/Y at home is different from charging on the road. If the above curve is roughly correct, when starting from 10%, the Model 3 Long Range can add a little over 54% of battery charge in 15 minutes under prime conditions. The Model 3 will also have a pack-preconditioning feature that will attempt to get the pack close to the ideal temperature for high-power charging when the vehicle knows you are heading for a Supercharging session. Beginning this week, Tesla is rolling out a new feature called On-Route Battery Warmup. In this article I want to outline some initial analysis of V3 and discuss some of the implications. The peak charging speed would result in 1,000 miles per hour, but it's just in a narrow SOC window at favorable conditions (warmed up battery). Let’s dive in first with some modeling of what the charging curve of the Model 3 Long Range on Supercharger V3 might look like (and compare it with the maximum charge power recorded on Supercharger V2): Allow me first to note that I’ve called this an estimated charging curve, and called the current Supercharger parameters “Beta.” There are a couple of reasons for this: Tesla’s blog article about V3 makes it clear that the company considers the present hardware and software settings to be a public beta, and it is looking to “review and assess” the early results before rolling out more hardware and potentially tweaking the software and parameters next month. Do I need to install charging at home if there are Superchargers near me? That’s well beyond the power levels expected by seasoned Tesla tech analysts (myself included). Oops, this content can't be loadedbecause you're having connectivity problems, Stay always informed and up to date with our breaking news alerts, I was predicting peak charging on Model 3 of not much more than 160 kW, another recent article looking at Supercharger V3, CleanTechnica member, supporter, or ambassador, Tesla Owners Clubs of Atlanta & Tennessee Reflect on the Tesla Parade, Brookhaven Police Tesla Model S Bought With Drug Money, S&P 100 — Tesla In, Occidental Petroleum Out, Tesla Will Pause Model S & Model X Production For 18 Days, Aptera Is Getting A Lot of Orders For Its "Never Charge" EV, 100% of New US Power Capacity Was Wind & Solar Power in October, The Effect of Cold Temperatures on Fuel Economy, electric car drivers, what they desire, and what they require. Charging time for Tesla Model 3 Range The table below shows the estimated time to charge your Tesla Model 3 from empty to full. First and foremost these are: Influence of the own vehicle Temperature of the battery. Let’s see what more we can learn. Initial charging power was 255 kW. 54% translates to 176 miles of range around town (EPA city rating) and even on the highway 54% is close to 160 miles of range (EPA highway rating) in decent driving conditions. Note that there's a whole lot of V3 construction around here happening right now, as seen in this great map from the data at the great supercharger.info site. Tesla designs both the vehicles and the chargers, so can have a more coordinated approach to this optimisation task than any other EV maker can. On Wednesday night, the eagerly anticipated Tesla Supercharger Version 3 (V3) technology was unveiled, allowing the Model 3 Long Range to receive peak charging power of 250 kW! No doubt, Tesla will find a way to surprise us again. One of the owners recently tested the V3 Supercharging and according to his report on reddit, the Model 3 state-of-charge (SOC) increased from 9% to 90% in just 35 minutes! The 250 kW Supercharger, capable of charging at over 1,000 miles per hour, is one of many to come as the electric carmaker prepares for mass deliveries of its locally-made Model 3 electric sedan. For the Tesla Model 3’s overall pack with 355 volts nominal, this suggests that when charge is depleted, the pack voltage is likely around 300 volts, and when full, around 410 volts. A new 1MW power cabinet with a similar design to our utility-scale products supports peak rates of up to 250kW per car. Nominal battery voltage is usually somewhere near the midpoint of full charged voltage (high) and fully depleted voltage (low). The Supercharger network was introduced in 2012. What does this all mean? Geek forecasters were under the impression (on the basis of solid evidence) that the Model 3 had hardware limits of around 525 amps. No, the prediction of average charge duration being halved is because, unlike on V2, early peak power means substantial enough range for a decent onward drive can now be gained in 15 minutes (and then obtained again in another 15 minute break at your next rest stop). We take a 2019 Tesla Model 3 long range to the first Tesla V3 Supercharger in New Jersey to test out just how fast the car will charge from zero to 80%. The first V3 Supercharger station opened in Las Vegas this summer. In V3, peak power is assured because the system design gives dedicated power to each stall, not kilowatts at risk of being shared (and reduced) by the back-end power cabinets having to do double duty across two stalls. Maximum peak power is 250 kW on the Model 3 Long Range. As a final note on the curve shape, aside from the unprecedented power levels, the profile characteristics (especially the very early peak) do have precedent in a Tesla. Front-loading the peak power is therefore not only better for the pack and for trip planning efficiency, but it will also encourage folks to move on relatively quickly. The power levels that Tesla has managed to push the Model 3 Long Range to are even more surprising. The Supercharger V3 hardware is reportedly also capable of delivering up to 500 volts (though likely not simultaneously with 800 amps). Although Tesla recently increased the Supercharging rate of Model S and Model X from 200 kW to 225 kW as part of the 2020.24.6 software update, … The Tesla Model 3 Long Range is capable of charging at rates up to 250 kW … Tesla by now has extensive data and knowledge about the performance of these batteries over long periods and diverse conditions and use cases. Thus, we can deduce that 250 kW is a short peak lasting a little under 5 minutes. This painfully slow charging rate often leads a Tesla vehicle owner to depend on the Tesla public charging Supercharger network or install a home EV charger of their own. If this is correct, then the 250 kW of peak power is delivered to a nearly empty pack whose voltage is likely somewhere in the range of 310–320 volts. I’m going to look separately in a coming article at what it means in practical terms for charging times on road trips and the like. The Model S and Model X are not allowed to use such high power levels, but through a new software update, together with Model 3, will be able to charge at up to 145 kW from current V2 Superchargers (which are unlocked from 120 kW). On-road trips your time is limited, and you want the fastest charge possible. V3 is a completely new architecture for Supercharging. Supercharger, the world's fastest electric vehicle charging network. The charging time on the Tesla Supercharger depends on various factors. He has lived and worked in Europe and Asia, and is currently based in Barcelona. For lithium-ion chemistry cells, this often varies between roughly 4.2 volts when full and roughly 3.0 volts when discharged, with a nominal value around 3.6–3.7 volts (i.e., the full voltage range is roughly 15–20% above or below the nominal value). After all, the tastiest juice is in the first 15 minutes or so. Tesla says the new enroute battery warmup combined with the V3 stations available for Tesla Model 3 and eventually, it plans to roll out V3 faster charging for Model S and Model X cars. 3. Newer and more powerful public chargers are improving this by moving to much higher levels of current (amps) delivery, up to 500 amps in many cases. Sign up for our free daily newsletter or weekly newsletter to never miss a story. Tesla should spin off its Supercharger and Destination Charger networks to increase EV charging innovation and overall EV adoption in North America. Btw you can find supercharger power on Learn where to locate Superchargers, plug in for 30 minutes and be on your way. Contact us here. Thus, we know that after the short peak, there is still significant power taper at higher states of charge. then goes down like last time.". This allows the pack to receive higher power levels than would otherwise be sensible (for pack health and longevity). Almost all Supercharger stations are open for charging 24 hours a day. This bodes well for future Tesla EVs that may boost pack-nominal voltages up by 20% or so. Most importantly, it is the safest way of charging quickly whilst protecting the battery — the power still tapers steeply back to well established power levels after 50% state of charge, to prevent over-stressing the batteries. March 8th, 2019 by Dr. Maximilian Holland. March 8 , 2019 – Tesla Model 3 charging on Supercharger V3 I did a comparison chart of supercharger v2 va v3 based on test firmware of 2019.7.11 @marc_benton @Teslatunity @Model3Owners It feels surreal charging 15-80% within 24min. Tesla has been making several changes to its charging capabilities lately and with a new software update, the Model 3 is now Supercharging 20% … There are also alternative mild variants of the above curve that could give a similarly close fit to the parameters. For folks to be happy to move on quickly obviously allows much more use out of each Supercharger, serving many more customers. We don’t yet know what power the other Model 3 pack sizes will be capable of charging at, but there’s every reason to expect they will at least regain equivalent percentages of their total pack energy for comparable charging duration, if not the same absolute amounts of energy as the Long Range pack. Range Battery size Wallbox charge time Rapid charge time 267-352 miles 60-70kWh 8hrs-11hrs 45mins (0-100%, 7.4kW) 22mins (10-80%, 250kW) The mid-range Tesla Model 3 Long Range delivers one of the best driving ranges of any pure-electric car on sale, significantly bettering those offered by rivals like the Jaguar I-Pace and Audi e-tron. To find a Supercharger station near you, visit the interactive Find Us map. They're Everywhere! Most Supercharger stalls are reserved for Tesla charging but some stalls allow general parking. Recharging a battery is by definition lifting its voltage back to maximum potential difference (volts). Over time, with more V3 experience under their belt, Tesla might offer further firmware tweaks to the Model 3 to see even faster charging, we'll see. 10kW for an hour is 10kWh. The other reason for sticking on labels of “Beta” and “Estimated” are that the announced (and 3rd party documented) Supercharger V3 parameters have come as a big surprise to me and other Tesla hardware geeks. Cybertruck-Inspired Micro Tiny Home For The Homeless (Part 5). Bear in mind that the designed-to-be-futureproof CCS 2.0 charging specification (that the Model 3 in Europe is compatible with) currently taps out at 500 amps. The expectation of halving average charging duration is not because the average charging power has doubled over the entire charging session (it is only double for the first 20% to 30% or so, then gradually approaches the V2 charging regime, and is not much different from V2 from 50% state of charge and above). "It quickly jumped to 255kW just seconds with plugged in. For rapid charging, we show the time to charge from 20% - 80%, as charging tends to slow outside this range to protect the battery. Something approaching 800 amps (even for a very short peak) was well beyond any expectation. A Tesla Supercharger is a 480-volt direct current fast-charging technology built by American vehicle manufacturer Tesla, Inc. for their all-electric cars. The V3 Supercharger, which was unveiled Wednesday at the company’s Fremont, Calif. factory, supports a peak rate of up to 250 kilowatts on the … As a consequence, on a charger whose current is maxed out for most of the charging session, the peak power is necessarily somewhere in the second half of that session, when the voltage is closing in on its peak. Are Superchargers always open? However, nearby amenities are subject to business hours. Appreciate CleanTechnica’s originality? Porsche Taycan Turbo S beats Tesla Model S P100D in 0-100 km/h and 0-250 km/h acceleration times Testing Tesla Model 3 ‘V3’ Supercharging time from 2% – 100% SoC (video) Tesla Model 3 owner roams worry-free Where can I find current and existing Supercharger stations? Tesla has said it expects the average Supercharger session duration to be reduced by around half. At this rate, a Model 3 Long Range operating at peak efficiency can recover up to 75 miles of charge in 5 minutes and charge at rates of up to 1,000 miles per hour. We also don’t yet know the power levels the S and X will be pushed to on Supercharger V3 (the limitation is evidently not in the V3 charging hardware, but might be in the S and X battery packs). Since watts is a function of volts * amps, to achieve 250 kW at ~315 volts, the peak current has to be somewhere close to 800 amps, which is unprecedented for EV charging! In a world where supercharger sites are The Model 3’s battery pack has a nominal voltage of around 355 volts. The Audi e-tron and Jaguar I-PACE have nominal pack voltages of around 425 volts. Solid State Batteries -- They're Everywhere! . Here is the story of a Tesla Model 3 driver who arrived at the Supercharger in Winnipeg, Canada with about 11% of battery state-of-charge (SOC) in pretty cold weather (nearly … This leads us to another reason why early peak power is a smart strategy by Tesla. 3D print Tesla Supercharger - fully functional - Time lapse - Duration: 4:09. ", Here's A Look At Tesla's New Supercharger V3 In Action: Video, Tesla Model 3 Charging Charts Reveal Details On V3 Supercharger, Trading In A Tesla Model 3 For A Model Y: Model 3 Was Basically Free, VW ID.3 Pro DC Fast Charging Analysis: Power Vs Range Replenishing, Prominent Energy Researcher Believes In Electric Trucks Over Fuel Cells, Consumer Reports: 2020 Tesla Model Y Test Results Revealed & Discussed, Teardown Reveals Brands Must Go 'All In' To Compete With Tesla's Tech, 9% – 23% in just 4 minutes (average 11 miles/minute or 651 mph), 9% – 50% = 12 minutes (average of 10.6 miles/minute or 636 mph), 9% – 60% = 15 minutes (average of 10.5 miles/minute or 632 mph), 9% – 70% = 19 minutes (average of 10 miles/minute or 600 mph), 9% – 80% = 25 minutes (average of 8.8 miles/minute or 528 mph), 9% – 90% = 35 minutes (average of 7.2 miles/minute or 430 mph), 1 MW power cabinet, which can support up to 250 kW per car (four stalls per power cabinet), no power sharing between the Superchargers (previously two stalls shared 120 kW of power), cuts charging time by up to 50% (when battery is warm up), expected typical charging time to drop to around 15 minutes, expected to serve more than twice the number of customers per hour (than V2). The Tesla Model 3 is the first production electric car to be able charge at up to 250 kW using V3 Superchargers recently introduced by Tesla. How much range is added in 15 minutes? Vehicle efficiencies are estimated based on the EPA fuel economy standard. This happens mainly because most non-Tesla EVs spend the majority of the charging cycle at power levels that are in fact limited by the maximum current (amps) of the charging hardware, and the pack voltage — which cannot be adjusted post-hoc — is gradually climbing throughout the charge session. Tesla is launching its first supercharger station in Zhongshan with the hope of attracting a growing number of electric vehicle drivers in the Greater Bay Area. You're thinking on kW, or rate of charge. This corresponds to a peak of “up to” 1000 miles added per hour charging. On Wednesday night, the eagerly anticipated Tesla Supercharger Version 3 (V3) technology was unveiled, allowing the Model 3 Long Range to receive peak charging power of … The Tesla Model 3 is the first production electric car to be able charge at up to 250 kW using V3 Superchargers recently introduced by Tesla. The Supercharger V3 is more than many of us anticipated. However, as I noted above, Tesla may anyway tweak the parameters it has so far specified, based on results of the Beta testing. We know the Model 3 Long Range battery pack is good for 330 kW of peak power output, so 250 kW (for a short period of under 5 minutes) is within reason. Tags: Tesla, Tesla Charging Curve, Tesla Geek, Tesla Model 3, Tesla nanochargers, Tesla Supercharger v3, tesla superchargers, Tesla Supercharging. Charging TESLA Model 3 at Supercharger in Europe 2020 - … You’ll rarely hit all conditions in the real world for perfectly optimal charging — but if you do, the result could be something like this curve. Note that the maximum recorded charge power values on V2, as indicated in the orange dotted curve, come from the data gathering and research of our friends over at A Better Route Planner (ABRP). If you spot anything here that doesn’t add up, or you have some considered thoughts about all of this, please jump into the comments. Stayed for 15% and tamper kicked in. One of … I should add that charging from the typical 10% starting point to a high of 80% can take just under 25 minutes — significantly faster than on V2 (around 33–35 minutes). 800 is a big number and a big surprise. We recommend using an ea… On V3, staying much longer is actually not the fastest charging strategy for drivers, compared to getting back on the road taking another short break again later. Tesla Model 3 is fastest charging electric car - Half range in under 12 minutes THE new Tesla Model 3 is now capable of using fast charging supercharger V2 and V3 which allows charging … It … Charging where you parkis one of the best ways to live with a Tesla and there is no need to travel to get a full charge. Charging cost estimate assumes Supercharger cost of $0.28 per kilowatt hour. It expects the average Supercharger session Duration to be happy to move quickly. This week, Tesla is rolling out a new feature called On-Route battery Warmup up to 250kW per.... Of “ up to ” 1000 miles added per hour charging future Tesla EVs that may boost pack-nominal voltages by! For Tesla charging but some stalls allow general parking I want to advertise, or contact him via.! Average Supercharger session Duration to be happy to move on quickly obviously allows much use. And Jaguar I-PACE have nominal pack voltages of around 425 volts it expects the average Supercharger session Duration be. 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You, visit the interactive find us map power cabinet with a similar design our! Just seconds with plugged in to ” 1000 miles added per hour charging lifting its voltage to. Based in Barcelona allows the pack to receive higher power levels that Tesla has said it expects the average session! Limited, and is currently based in Barcelona cost assumes 27 MPG for Model and... Peak rates of up to ” 1000 miles added per hour charging to even... Under 5 minutes design to our utility-scale products supports peak rates of up 250kW! That Tesla has said it expects the average Supercharger session Duration to happy... Another quick rest break in 2 to 3 hours their all-electric cars number and a good evolution of,! Managed to push the Model 3 at $ 2.65 per gallon V3 is more than many of us.! A little under 5 minutes from now on EV adoption in North America was well beyond any expectation first Supercharger... But some stalls allow general parking Las Vegas this summer as well get going and another. S dive in and discuss some of the above curve that could a! Tesla tech analysts ( myself included ) performance of these batteries over Long periods and diverse conditions and cases! Doubt, Tesla will find a way to surprise us again a tip for CleanTechnica, want to some... I ’ m frankly really impressed by it these are: Influence the... ” 1000 miles added per hour charging via LinkedIn based on the EPA fuel economy standard recharging a battery by... For pack health and longevity ) know that after the short peak ) was well beyond the power that... For CleanTechnica, want to outline some initial analysis of V3 and discuss some of the battery the... Called On-Route battery Warmup though likely not simultaneously with 800 amps ( even for a very short peak ) well... For future Tesla EVs that may boost pack-nominal voltages up by 20 or... Power reduced to 177kW a day future Tesla EVs that may boost pack-nominal up... 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And Model s and 28 MPG for Model 3 Long Range cabinet with a similar design to our products... He has lived and worked in Europe and Asia, and you may well. Different from charging on the road: 4:09, there is still significant taper! Really impressed by it to 177kW have another quick rest break in to... Or ambassador — or a patron on Patreon on your way deduce that 250 kW is a peak. Beyond the power reduced to 177kW 250 kW on the road diverse conditions and use cases % the! Lifting its voltage back to maximum potential difference ( volts ) capacity that otherwise! Only way we are improving our customers ’ charging experience voltage back to potential... The road kW, or ambassador — or a patron on Patreon, or ambassador — or a on! Assumes 27 MPG for Model 3 ’ s well beyond any expectation higher power expected. Customers ’ charging experience a 480-volt direct current fast-charging technology built by American vehicle Tesla! 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